Some references for our section
"How Does Acupuncture Work?"
(a tiny sample of the published work)
Much pioneering research on acupuncture and endorphins was done by Prof Bruce Pomeranz and a great many research papaers have been published on this.
Endorphins in anxiety & fertility
Int J Neurosci. 2006 Feb;116(2):115-25. The mechanism of acupuncture and clinical applications.
See also: The role of acupuncture in the management of subfertility. Fertil Steril. 2008 Jul;90(1):1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.02.094
"The positive effect of acupuncture in the treatment of subfertility may be related to the central sympathetic inhibition by the endorphin system, the change in uterine blood flow and motility, and stress reduction. ":
Adenosine & other mechanisms
A detailed analysis of the role of adenosine in acupuncture pain relief published in a pre-eminent peer-reviewed journal is in:
the authors conclude: “Our findings indicate that adenosine is central to the mechanistic actions of acupuncture”
Response to trauma & growth factors
various studies have shown that repair and growth factors are released in response to acupuncture stimulation. The one referred to here is:
Blood flow increases in response to acupuncture
see, for example: Changes in Local Blood Flow in response to Acupuncture Stimulation - a systematic review.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Reduction of blood flow impedance in the uterine arteries of infertile women with electro-acupuncture., see: Human Reproduction: 1996 Jun;11(6):1314-7.
Autonomic regulation by acupuncture
For a review of evidence see Acupuncture Effect and Central Autonomic Regulation in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 267959,http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/267959
Brain Responses to Acupuncture
Immune Responses to Acupuncture
Immune function benefit in Cancer care see: Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine